Authorship and Contributorship

Art Style Magazine outlines the best practice principles for our publications. We defend the best practices in our publications and follow top institutions’ directions on teaching, science, and research worldwide. With this practice, we wish to remember the fundamental values of recognition of merit and the originality of researchers and authors. Therefore, we present here the central notions of good conduct and research publishing ethics, based on the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), the United States National Science Foundation’s policies and procedures, the European Science Foundation’s code of conduct, and the FAPESP São Paulo Research Foundation’s code of good scientific practice.

Ideas in verbal or written form in research should not be considered in the public domain. It is an original contribution of the work-related authors. Otherwise, ideas and authors must be cited in the article’s publication, regardless of whether the concept or writing is precisely the same or analogous to a work submitted or already published by another publication and must state the respective Art Style Magazine editors. If the researcher publishes a work based on research already published, it is necessary to cite the first publication in the article submitted to Art Style Magazine.

Authors of academic publications should be only those who have made intellectual contributions to the work or research and their permission to be included. Please note that the provision of financial resources and infrastructure or institutional support are not reasons to be listed among the authors of scientific papers resulting from the research project.

“Authorship credit should be based only on: (1) substantial contributions to conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; (2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and (3) final approval of the version to be published. Conditions (1), (2), and (3) must all be met. Acquisition of funding, the collection of data, or general supervision of the research group, by themselves, do not justify authorship” (ICMJE criteria 2000 and COPE 2020).

Co-authorship is not a practice in the social sciences, humanities, and arts. Publications based on research findings are independent works, conceived and written by a single person. Researchers understand that researchers interact with colleagues and discuss their research in workgroups, seminars, conferences, classrooms, and with their supervisors. This practice is proper of the academic universe. In the humanities and social sciences, doctoral theses and master’s dissertations are written by the candidate—the sole author in fact and by right—and publications result from his or her research, thesis, or dissertation. The supervisor is not usually credited as a co-author but can be referenced by the authors, who may thank them in a preface or a footnote.